Earth Orbit Velocity

The velocity of a satellite in circular orbit around the Earth depends upon the radius of the orbit and the acceleration of gravity at the orbit.

 Above the earth's surface at a height of h =m = x 106 m, which corresponds to a radius r = x earth radius, the acceleration of gravity is g = m/s2 = x g on the earth's surface. At the specified orbit radius, the required orbit velocity is v =m/s=km/h=mi/h. The period of the orbit is minutes = hours.
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Syncom Satellites

Communication satellites are most valuable when they stay above the same point on the earth, in what are called "geostationary orbits". This occurs when the orbital period is 24 hours. From an orbit velocity calculation, it can be seen that a satellite at a radius 6.62 times the Earth's radius will have a period of 24 hours. These satellites are some 35,900 kilometers or about 22,300 miles above the Earth's surface.

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