Properties of Molecules

The investigation of molecular structure parallels the study of atomic structure in that the methods of quantum mechanics are applied along with the information obtained from molecular spectra.

Chemical bonds
Index

Molecular spectra concepts
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Molecular Spectra

The most commonly observed molecular spectra involve electronic, vibrational, or rotational transitions. For a diatomic molecule, the electronic states can be represented by plots of potential energy as a function of internuclear distance. Electronic transitions are vertical or almost vertical lines on such a plot since the electronic transition occurs so rapidly that the internuclear distance can't change much in the process. Vibrational transitions occur between different vibrational levels of the same electronic state. Rotational transitions occur mostly between rotational levels of the same vibrational state, although there are many examples of combination vibration-rotation transitions for light molecules.
Electronic Spectra Rotational Spectra Vibrational spectra
Index

Molecular spectra concepts
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