# Center of Mass

The terms "center of mass" and "center of gravity" are used synonymously in a uniform gravity field to represent the unique point in an object or system which can be used to describe the system's response to external forces and torques. The concept of the center of mass is that of an average of the masses factored by their distances from a reference point. In one plane, that is like the balancing of a seesaw about a pivot point with respect to the torques produced.

 Center of mass for Collection of point masses Continuous mass distribution
 Determining center of mass of extended object

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# Center of Mass for Particles

The center of mass is the point at which all the mass can be considered to be "concentrated" for the purpose for the purpose of calculating the "first moment", i.e., mass times distance. For two masses this distance is calculated from

For the more general collection of N particles this becomes

and when extended to three dimensions:

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# Center of Mass: Continuous

For a continuous distribution of mass, the expression for the center of mass of a collection of particles :

becomes an infinite sum and is expressed in the form of an integral

For the case of a uniform rod this becomes

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